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解读米兰理工大学管理学院

时间:2015-12-19  编辑:意大利留学预科网

Government spending cuts are throwing Italian schools and universities into turmoil, sparking campus sit-ins and mass street protests around the country. The education system is in crisis, its brain-drain and lows in world rankings matched by its teachers' pitiful salaries.
政府削减教育经费,使意大利各院校陷入了混乱,全国各地纷纷爆发校园静坐示威和大规模街头抗议活动。教育体系岌岌可危;人才流失,在国际上排名靠后,均与该国教师微薄的薪水相对应。

“These are tough times,” says Gianluca Spina, professor of management and dean of MIP, the Politechnico di Milano school of management.


MIP's governance structure, unique in Italy, gives it some shelter in the storm, however. Founded in 1979, it is 51 per cent owned by Milan's Politechnico, Italy's oldest and largest state technical university, and 49 per cent by 17 corporations, mainly Italian multinationals, as well as subsidiaries of foreign enterprises, including Taiwan's Acer and Accenture of the UK.
米兰理工大学(Politechnico di Milano)管理学院(MIP)院长及管理学教授詹卢卡•斯皮纳(Gianluca Spina)表示:“目前是艰难时期。”

MIP was born out of the desire of industrialists at Pirelli, Eni and Fiat to provide their engineers with management skills. And, as Italy is drawn into the mainstream of globalisation, MIP is supplying customised business management packages for its corporate shareholders, as well as the open market.
不过,米兰理工大学管理学院的管理结构在意大利独树一帜,这在一定程度上有助于它避开风暴。该学院创立于1979年,51%权益由米兰理工大学所有,49%由17家公司所有,它们多数是意大利跨国公司,以及台湾宏碁(Acer)和英国埃森哲(Accenture)等外国企业的子公司。

“We are helping Italian companies with globalisation, how to manage cultural diversity as they acquire companies abroad, make greenfield investments and open factories, how to forge a corporate identity,” says Prof Spina.


He gives the example of the corporate MBA programme developed for Italcementi, Europe's second largest cement group which is expanding in the US, Asia and the Middle East. Non- Italians make up 25 of the class of 30.
米兰理工大学管理学院的创立,是源于倍耐力(Pirelli)、埃尼(Eni)和菲亚特(Fiat)等公司的实业家希望学院为它们的工程师传授管理技能。后来,随着意大利融入全球化大潮,学院开始为其企业股东提供定制商业管理课程,同时也公开对外招生。

Known as a country of small enterprises and family-run businesses, Italy has relatively few companies on the list of Fortune 500 in spite of its status as a G8 country. But MIP has found its own niche there by educating foreign customers on how small companies perform.
“我们在全球化方面为意大利公司提供帮助。比如,在海外收购公司、进行绿地投资和开设工厂时,如何处理文化差异?如何打造企业形象?”斯皮纳表示。

“US and China want to know about Italy's small companies, industrial districts and fashion houses,” Prof Spina says, noting its training programme on the exhibition and convention industry run with Shanghai's JiaoTong University.


About half of MIP's 600 to 700 students are individuals rather than on corporate programmes, drawn by Milan's reputation as a hub for design, fashion, finance and football. Among the wide-ranging courses on offer is a post-graduate course for athletes and young managers in the business of sport.
他举了为Italcementi设计的企业MBA课程作为例子。Italcementi是欧洲第二大水泥集团,正在美国、亚洲和中东地区进行扩张。全班共有30名学员,非意大利人占了25位。

A full-time MBA course over 14 months costs €25,000, while an executive MBA spread over two years is €28,000. Of the 75 students taking the full-time MBA, 50 are non-Italian. The institute has recently received accreditation from Equis, the accrediting arm of the European Foundation for Management Development.
意大利以小企业和家族企业众多而著称,虽然是G8成员国之一,但跻身“财富500强”的意大利公司相对较少。不过,通过向外国学员教授如何运营小企业,米兰理工大学管理学院从中找到了自己的目标市场。

Prof Spina sees three types of non-corporate students. The first is the non-Italian seeking a life experience – learning Italian, having a clear idea to return home and find work there. Type two are students from emerging economies – Chinese, Indian, and Latin American – who see a full-time MBA as a gateway to the developed world, expecting to find a placement in Italy or Europe. The third is more international career- oriented, seeking good placements but not necessarily in Europe. 
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